The decision to put your pet under anesthesia always carries a risk, but we at Eagle Animal Hospital take all necessary precautions to ensure your pet's safety. Performing pre-anesthetic bloodwork helps us determine if your pet has any internal organ abnormalities that could lead to problems processing the anesthesia or any blood clotting issues. A pre-anesthetic profile includes a Chemistry Screen, CBC (complete blood count), PT, and PTT.
A CBC analyzes the number and type of blood cells in your pets body. The different types of cells are red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Abnormalities with this test can detect medical conditions such as anemia, leukemia, inflammation, infection and bleeding disorders.
The Chemistry Screen includes the following tests -
- Albumin - This is a protein produced by the liver. An abnormal result can help identify a problem with the liver, kidneys, or intestines.
- Alkaline Phosphate - Higher than normal results of this test can indicate a problem with liver function.
- ALT - This is a more sensitive test for liver damage.
- BUN - High levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) can indicate a problem with the kidneys: low levels may indicate a problem with liver function.
- Creatinine - This test is extremely valuable in determining how well the kidneys are functioning.
- Globulin - This is a component of total protein checking for underlying chronic illness and some types of cancer.
- Glucose (This is blood sugar) - If this number is too low, a pet is considered to be hypoglycemic; too high, the pet is hyperglycemic. Hypoglycemia is a common problem in puppies as well as in animals with liver damage. Hyperglycemia can result from stress, excitement and diabetes.
- PT and PTT - These tests evaluate your pets blood-clotting system. This information is very important before surgery to ensure there will be no excessive bleeding.
- Total Protein - This test checks for dehydration.
Knowing the above information before putting your pet under anesthesia is a very important step to keeping your pet as safe as possible. Please, contact us at our Chester Springs Animal Hospital with any additional questions you may have.
Written by Amy Poole, veterinary technician