People and pets routinely died from infections before penicillin, the first antibiotic, was introduced in the first half of the 20th century. Today, veterinarians use antibiotics to treat many typ ...View Article
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At Eagle Animal Hospital we recommend annual wellness exams for your adult pet, though for senior pets, should come in twice a year. Exams are important for health issues but it can also serve as a good time to discuss behavior problems as well. We at Eagle Animal Hospital follow the vaccine protocols established by the American Veterinary Medical Association. The following are examples of our recommendations.
Kittens: -FVRCP at 8, 12, and 16 weeks -Rabies at 12 weeks -FELV (if outdoors) at 12 and 16 weeks
Cats: -FVRCP at 1 year, then every 3 years -Rabies at 1 year, then every 2 years -FELV (if outdoors) every year
Puppies: -DAPP at 8 weeks -DAPPL at 12 and 16 weeks -Rabies at 12 weeks -Lyme at 12 and 16 weeks -Bordatella when appropriate -K9 Influenza at 12 and 16 weeks when appropriate
Dogs: -DAPPL at 1 year, then every 3 years -Leptospirosis every year as individual vaccine and with DAPP(L) every 3 years -Rabies at 1 year, then every 2 years -Bordatella every 6-12 months depending on boarding -Lyme every year -K9 Influenza every year after boosters 3-4 weeks apart
The following will help you to better understand what vaccines are and why we recommend them.
Rabies -enters through wounds contaminated with infected saliva -important to vaccinate because humans can get from animals -causes fatal neurologic disease -can take up to 6 months after bite for animal to show signs of disease -animals only have virus in their saliva for 10 days prior to dying - this is the only time they can transmit the disease
Distemper -virus that causes fever, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal signs, that can quickly enter the central nervous system of young dogs/puppies and can cause fatal neurologic disease
Adenovirus (Hepatitis) -virus that causes fever and severe liver disease
Parvovirus -virus that attacks the small intestines leading to severe bloody diarrhea, that can lead to death associated with dehydration, secondary infection, and intestinal complications. -we still see a lot of Parvovirus in certain regions (where dogs are not well vaccinated) and can be highly contagious. -Lives in the dirt and soil for long periods of time. Puppies can pick it up by ingesting this contaminated soil.
Para influenza -virus resulting in severe upper respiratory tract infections and potential pneumonia
Leptospirosis -several species of Leptospira organisms that can cause disease -transmitted through the urine of an infected animal (raccoons, possums, deer, ect) then picked up by the pet through the respiratory tract (sniffing the urine) through the mucous membranes, or cuts on the skin. -can cause both acute and chronic disease in dogs resulting in liver and kidney failure. -important to be aware that Lepto is a Zoonotic disease (can be passed to humans) -vaccine needs to be given every year because Lepto is not a virus, therefore, the immunity imparted by the vaccine does not last as long -Lepto is given as part of DAPPL vaccine as a puppy, every 3 years, then as individual vaccine yearly
Bordatella Bronchiseptica (Kennel Cough Vaccine) -bacterial infection resulting in cough -highly contagious through the air from coughing and sneezing -usually mild infection that is self limiting (dogs tend to clear on their own without treatment) but can result in pneumonia -treated with antibiotics if signs/symptoms dictate -Bacterial vaccine (needs to be given every year) - recommend every 6 months if boarding frequently
K9 Influenza -H3N8 virus -viral infection resulting in harsh/severe upper respiratory tract signs. Such as: cough, sneeze, nasal discharge, fever, lethargy, and anorexia. It can last for weeks. Can also lead to pneumonia. -there is no treatment other than supportive care - can not treat a viral infection -highly contagious - even more so than Bordatella -recommend vaccine in conjunction with Bordatella for frequent boarders, dogs in day care, or frequently groomed -yearly vaccination after initial boosters
Lyme -Erlichial disease caused by Borrelia Burgdorferi - transmitted by deer tick -epidemic in this area - 30-40% of dogs in this practice are positive -two forms seen: Clinical and Sub clinical -clinical - fever/lethargy/anorexia/joint pain -sub clinical - normal, healthy looking dog -concerned with sub clinical form because this can go on for time unnoticed and can ultimately lead to fatal kidney failure or permanent joint disease -vaccine available to help prevent Lyme is 90% effective -pets tested for Lyme every year - if negative or low titers, we vaccinate -is not a virus so vaccines need to be done every year -nothing is 100%, for good protection we recommend you use a good flea and tick control.
FELV (Feline Leukemia Virus) -transmitted through body fluids - saliva, blood, ect -once contracted - no cure - 100% fatal -causes cancer - Lymphoma -can test for with a snap test -vaccine protective, but not 100% -vaccinate high risk cats - outdoor cats
FVRCP Feline viral Rhinotracheitis -viral upper respiratory tract infection -very contagious -can be persistent/recurrent
Calicivirus -same as FVR above
Panleukopenia -viral infection that can cause severe gastrointestinal problems - vomiting and diarrhea -similar to Parvo in dogs -can result in severe immune system deficiency and death
There is always the potential for side effects for vaccines but generally they are mild. If your pet should have a vaccine reaction, please call our office. Symptoms of a reaction are fever, lethargy, hives, pain at vaccination site, vomiting, diarrhea, or swollen eyes/face.